Do Low Hemoglobin Levels Affect the Body?

Low level of hemoglobin is low concentration of oxygen carried to the tissues, cells and all the parts of the body through. The main component of red blood cells is Hb ie., Hemoglobin. Low level is less concentration of Hb in the blood. In men the average concentration is less than 13.5 grams per deciliter and in women the average concentration is less than 12 grams per deciliter. These levels may slightly differ in medical practitioners. Most of the people suffer from the condition of hemoglobin deficiency.

It is nothing but an iron that contains metalloproteins. These metalloproteins help in transporting oxygen to the red blood cells. Oxygen is supplied to all the tissues and cells in the body through hemoglobin. The protein that binds oxygen is known as Heme and this condition occurs when the hemoglobin levels drop than the normal levels. Read to know more about the causes,, symptoms and treatment of this condition.

Do Low Hemoglobin Levels Affect the Body?

Low level of Hb is generally caused due to imbalanced diet but is can also be observed due to disease or an abnormality. In this condition where the level is low due to any disease is generally caused due to anemia. Low level is also observed in pregnant women and young menstruating women.


The symptoms of this condition can be mild and vague. The commonly observed symptoms are:

  • Dizziness
  • Depression
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of Breath
  • General malaise
  • Chest pain
  • Brittle nails
  • Nails, pale skin and gums
  • Decrease in concentration and
  • Cold feet and hands
  • Lack of energy

General Causes of Low Level Hemoglobin

  • Low level Hb can be associated with diseases like anemia.
  • Lack of dietary iron is the main cause of deficiency of hemoglobin.
  • Increase in the production of blood cells also leads to this condition.
  • Gastrointestinal problems is also another reason for the drop in the hemoglobin levels.
  • In this the production of red blood cells is less than normal.
  • Some times the cells are destroyed more faster than they are produced.
  • This can some times be seen due to excess blood loss due to some disease. Other conditions like bleeding during child birth, peptic ulcer bleeding and sickle cell anemia can lead to hemoglobin deficiency.

Diseases which Reduce the Production of Red Blood Cells

  • Cancer
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Bladder cancer
  • Kidney cancer
  • Cirrhosis
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Colon polyps
  • Iron deficiency anemia
  • Aplastic anemia
  • Leukemia
  • Vitamin deficiency anemia
  • Histal hernia bleeding and
  • Lead poisoning
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Hodgkin’s disease
  • Uterine fibroid

Blood Loss Diseases and Abnormalities

  • Frequent blood donation
  • Heavy menstrual period
  • Bleeding in urinary and digestive tract
  • Bleeding from a wound
  • Nose bleeding

Diseases which Destroy Red Blood Cells

  • Sickle cell anemia
  • Thalassemia
  • Vasculitis
  • Porphyria
  • Enlarged spleen

Generally complete blood count test gives the picture of your blood. If you observe low level of hemoglobin consult a doctor.


Change in diet will definitely help in treating this condition. Include the following foods in your diet for better results.

  • Green leafy vegetables such as spinach, broccoli, collards, cabbage and turnip greens.
  • Green peas, pinto beans, lima beans, black eyed peas and baked beans.
  • Pasta, cereals and rice that are rich in iron.
  • Whole wheat breads.
  • Oysters, sardines, anchovies and clams.
  • Duck, turkey, chicken, beef, lamb and liver.
  • Iron tablets and tonics will help in improving the iron levels and treating the condition of low hemoglobin levels.
  • It is always recommended to takes these supplements along with orange juice and on empty stomach.
  • Iron supplement therapy also helps in treating this condition.

1 response to Do Low Hemoglobin Levels Affect the Body?

  1. Can Kidney failure lead to low HB?