Head Injury Bleeding: Internal and External Head Injuries

Head injury bleeding can be of two types and they are: External injuries which are usually referred to as scalp injuries and Internal head injuries which involve damage of blood vessels within the skull or brain or the skull itself. Bleeding in the brain is medically termed as Intracerebral Hemorrhage and it can be life threatening at times. Symptoms of bleeding in the brain can develop all of a sudden and may require immediate medical attention. The blood gets built up in the spaces surrounding the brain and the tissue when internal bleeding occurs. This may cause swelling, resulting in the inflammation of the tissues.

Head injury bleeding is the term used to describe any trauma to the brain or to the head. Internal injuries have more serious implications than the external injuries as the skull protects the brain which is very delicate. Minor injuries can be treated at home, but if a person experiences symptoms like vomiting, loss of consciousness, weakness, confusion, changes in vision or severe headache then medical treatment should be taken immediately.Sometimes, bleeding may occur in any part of the brain and recognizing the symptoms will help the person suffering from this situation to seek medical help. Read to know more about the head injury bleeding.

Internal Head Injury

A severe blow to the head may knock the brain which is cushioned by a liquid called Cerebrospinal fluid and can even tear the blood vessels. Internal injuries like damage to the brain, torn blood vessels or fractured skull can be serious and life threatening too.

Symptoms of Internal Head Injury

  • Severe wound or fracture
  • Unconsciousness
  • Abnormal bleeding
  • Bleeding or a clear fluid from mouth, ear or nose
  • Disturbance of vision or speech
  • Paralysis or weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Stiffness or neck pain
  • Loss of bladder or bowel control
  • Vomiting more than two times and
  • Seizures

Read on to know more about these symptoms in detail.

Painful Headache

  • Broken blood vessels in the brain hurts badly just like an inflamed blood vessel in the arms or legs and this may cause terrible pain.
  • The very first symptom of this condition is severe headache which comes suddenly causing unbearable pain in the head.
  • This condition can cause severe pain which can awake the person from deep sleep.
  • It gets worse when a person suffering from this lies flat or changes the sleeping position.
  • It may also cause more pain while straining, coughing and bending as these actions may build pressure in the chest increasing the pressure in the brain.

Pressure From Within

  • The condition of bleeding in the brain is caused due to the leakage of blood in the brain that is out of the blood vessel. This builds pressure in the brain from within.
  • The pressure inside the head increases when the blood gets filled up inside the skull which acts as a protecting shield for the brain.
  • This can leave a very little space for the brain which can further lead to an increase in the pressure in the head.
  • Vomiting is another symptom that can cause pressure in the head from within.
  • Nausea sometimes get intense that can stimulate vomiting thereby increasing the pressure inside the brain.

Direct Contact

  • The blood from the blood vessel may sometimes escape and get in direct contact with the tissue present in the brain.
  • This is another most common symptom of brain hemorrhage and it may cause seizures.
  • The leaked blood can irritate the tissue causing the nerve cell to fire chaotically.
  • This can sometimes cause uncontrollable body movements.

External Head Injury

Even a minor cut on the scalp can lead to severe bleeding as it is rich with blood vessels. This results in swelling or formation of “goose egg” after a blow, as the veins present within the scalp leak the fluid or blood under or in to the scalp. It may at least take a few days or even weeks for it to disappear.

Symptoms of External Injury

  • Severe head and neck pain
  • Inability to walk normally
  • Momentary loss of consciousness

How to Treat

Read on to know how to treat head injury bleeding with the help of the following tips

  • The injured person should be asked to lie down and relax, make him/her comfortable while treating the wound.
  • Always make sure whether the wound is superficial or not and that it does not need any immediate medical attention.
  • Place a sterile gauze or a clean white towel or cloth firmly with gentle pressure on the head in order to stop the bleeding.
  • Hold the gauze for about 15 minutes and avoid lifting it to check the status of the wound. Add more gauze, if the blood begins to soak through and keep the pressure on it steadily. Lifting the gauze sooner will disrupt the clotting process increasing the bleeding of the wound even more. Therefore, avoid doing this.
  • Seek medical treatment immediately if the bleeding does not stop even after 15 minutes. Lifting the head slightly higher than the heart may help in reducing the blood flow till the wound is medically treated.
  • Make sure that the patient does not have any lasting injury, shock or concussion after the treatment.

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