Blood

Red Blood Cells in Urine: Causes and Treatment

Hematuria is a condition which is referred to the presence of red blood cells in urine. If the RBCs are obvious in urine then this condition is known as Macrohematuria and if they are microscopic then it is known as the Microhematuria. This condition can be diagnosed by examining the urine with a microscope or through a Dipstick test. This condition is considered to be normal if the count of RBCs is less in amount. About 2.5 million RBCs are excreted in the urine as a process of eradicating inefficient cells everyday. The urine of a person suffering from this condition is generally yellow, red or pink in color.

Causes

Urinary Tract Infections: This condition is the most common cause for the presence of RBCs in the urine. This occurs due to the bacterial infections or bacterial invasions through the urinary tract damaging the tissue and spreads up to the bladder, urethra and sometimes kidneys.

Stone in Kidneys: Most of the people suffer from the presence of stones, tumors, inflammation in kidneys and urinary tract which leads to a narrow opening. Stones present in kidneys are tiny deposits of chemicals which are made of oxalate, phosphate and calcium. They can cause discomfort, severe pain while urinating, leading to blood in urine.

Diseases and Medications: Various diseases that contribute to this condition are diabetes and sickle cell anemia. Diabetes affects the secretion of a hormone called insulin from the pancreas and causes inflammation of the capillaries present in the kidneys which are responsible for the filtration of the blood. Sickle anemia is a genetic disorder which leads to the condition of RBCs in urine. This condition also occurs due to the usage of drugs like Rifamoin, Quinine, Aspirin, Warfarin and Phenytoin.

Treatment

    • Urinalysis, ultrasound scan for kidneys, blood tests or cytoscopy are used to diagnose this condition.
    • The person suffering from this condition should drink plenty of water and fluids everyday.
    • Take pain relief medications and take antibiotics for urinary tract infections and kidney infections.
    • Regular blood tests, urine tests and blood pressure check ups have to be done once in six months.

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