Causes of Rectal Bleeding
This condition usually occurs when the large intestines’ terminal portion known as the rectum or colon bleeds during bowel movement. Hematochezia is the medical term used for rectal bleeding. Presence of blood clots or red colored tinge in the stool are the main noticeable symptoms of this condition. Bleeding during the bowel movement occasionally usually occurs due to the strain caused due to defecation.
However, this condition usually requires immediate medical attention. Doctors may prescribe certain therapeutic treatments depending on the amount of blood excreted and causes of this condition. Though mild cases can be treated with consultation of doctor or home remedies, moderate to severe cases require hospitalization. The following article provides with the information on various causes of rectal bleeding, symptoms and hemorrhoids.
Rectal bleeding can be caused due to bleeding of the upper parts present in the gastrointestinal tract. The blood excreted due to this condition appears light brown or tarry and will be in an oxidized state. The blood color indicates the exact location in the gastrointestinal tract from where it bleeds.
Symptoms of Hematochezia
Symptoms of this condition mainly depend on the severity of the condition and the following are a few symptoms that occur in people suffering from hematochezia.
For Mild Cases
- Passage of red blood clots with stool
- Toilet water may appear pinkish
- A scratch in the rectum or fissure of the anus
For Moderate to Severe Cases
- Frequent blood passage along with the bowel movement
- Black color of the bloody stool
- Very bad smell of the stool
Rectal Bleeding Causes in Children
Toddlers are more prone to infections and disorders especially if they have a weak immune system. Rectal bleeding is considered as one of the common problems faced by many toddlers. This condition is generally caused due to simple problems like constipation to other severe disorders. However, this problem in children can be treated easily. Make sure you consult a doctor if your child experiences blood in his/her stool regularly. Read on to know more about this condition.
- Rectal bleeding is considered as a common problem in toddlers and is not an indication of any serious health issue most of the time.
- This condition is quite common in most of the children and it usually happens due to poor hygiene.
- This can result in the formation of abscess that further leads to red sores and itching in and around the anal area.
- Cleaning of the area regularly with water and soap can help in quick healing of this condition.
- Constipation is another reason that is responsible for causing this condition in children. This can be treated by feeding them foods rich in fiber and making them drink plenty of water.
- Apply rectal ointment as it helps in relieving the pain caused during the bowel movement.
- Bowel ulcers, dysentery, hemorrhoidsm blood dyscrasias, amoebiasis and rectum prolapse are a few more causes of rectal bleeding in children.
- However, this condition occurs due to several reasons and inflammation, polyps, hemorrhoids and fissures are the most common causes of this condition.
- There are chances for this condition to get serious. Blood in stool is a clear indication of inflammatory bowel disease or intestinal infection. These conditions are quite serious and should be immediately treated by a medical professional.
You can observe bright red blood in small amounts in the stool and this is the most common symptom of this condition. Blood can be usually observed outside of the stool most of the times. You can also observe blood immediately after the bowel movement.
How to Identify?
- If your toddler experiences weight loss, abdominal pain and fever along with bleeding, then it is clear indication of a serious complication.
- Immediate medical attention is required in such cases. If certain symptoms such as burning, itching and pain occurs along with this condition, then it is a clear indication of internal hemorrhoids.
- Anal fissures cause painless and occasional bleeding along with blood streaked stools.
- Excess strain can also result in causing fissures or small tear as a result of constipation.
How to Prevent?
- Rectal bleeding in toddlers can be prevented by making some modifications in one’s diet.
- Include foods that are rich in fiber as they help in passing the stools easily without causing much strain.
- Include foods such as fresh fruits, vegetables and whole grains in the diet.
- Constipation can be treated with the help of prune juice, as this is considered an antidote for this condition.
Rectal Bleeding Causes in Adults
- Causes of rectal bleeding in women are quite similar to that of men.
- Piles or hemorrhoids and anal fissures are the two main reasons for causing this condition.
- These are usually caused due to the strain caused during defecation and constipation.
- If rectal bleeding occurs due to constipation then this can be treated with the help of a well planned diet which is rich in fiber and a few home remedies.
- Rectal cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, colon cancer, peptic ulcer, colon polyps, gastrointestinal tract infections, blood disorder and diverticulitis are a few more causes of this condition in adults.
- Anal cancer and prostate cancer can cause rectal bleeding in men and external beam radiation can be taken to overcome this condition.
- Sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhea, torn perineum during delivery and constipation during periods are the causes of rectal bleeding in women
Treatment of Hematochezia
The following are a few treatment options that can be followed by adults suffering from rectal bleeding.
- Increasing Blood Count: Chicken, shell fish, turkey, beef, liver, red meat, fish, pork, dark vegetables, eggs, beet root, green leaves, nuts, beans and dried fruits are natural sources rich in iron. Eating them increases the count of hemoglobin or the red blood cells in the body.
- Identifying the Location of Bleeding: Colonoscopy is the most common technique to know the cause and identify the location of bleeding. Prior to the test, the person is given a laxative substance so that the digestive and excretory tracts are clean.
- Stopping the Bleeding: Home remedies are time-tested in their benefits and are cost effective. They can be taken in the privacy and convenience of our house. They do not require any medical supervision and are immune from any side-effects. Read to know about the home remedies that provide effective results in treating this condition.
The following home remedies will also help in treating this condition effectively.
- Mango Seeds: They should be dried in the sun and powdered. Taking two grams of this powder with honey as option twice everyday is beneficial.
- Ginger: Half a teaspoon of ginger juice, along with lemon juice, mint juice and honey can also be very effective.
- Bitter Gourd: Juice of the fresh leaves of this vegetable should be collected. Three teaspoons of this juice along with a glass of buttermilk can be taken every morning for better results. Applying a paste of the root of bitter gourd over the inflammation area can also provide relief.
Causes of Rectal Bleeding in Men
The below are a few causes of rectal bleeding in men.
- Anal Fissure: This is considered as the most common cause of this condition in men. This is usually caused when a person suffers from constipation and also suffers from torn anal canal due to forceful bowel movements. This condition further results in causing the discharge of blood and it is often accompanied by severe pain.
- Hemorrhoids: This is caused due to the dilation of veins or blood vessels present within the anal canal. These basically look like clumps or masses of tissues which are caused due to straining of the anus while passing dry and hard stools or due to chronic constipation.
- Fistula: This is caused due to the formation of a burrowing channel that extends to the skin present around the anus from rectum. This usually discharges a white fluid and sometimes blood as well. This is caused due to the inflammation of the intestinal tract resulting in this condition.
- Diverticulosis: This condition occurs when the sacs or pockets known as diverticula in the colon project out. This condition can result in rectal bleeding in most of the men.
- Proctitis and Colitis: This condition usually occurs due to ulceration or inflammation of colon and rectum. Diarrhea, cramps and rectal urgency can cause these conditions.
Treatment for Men
- The treatment of this condition usually depends on the causes of rectal bleeding in men.
- Selfcare, blood transfusion and usage of antibiotics can help in treating this condition.
- Preventing rebleeding, ending active bleeding and diagnosing the cause are the three factors which can be considered for treating this condition.
- Rectal ointments can be used for relief from this condition.
Now that we know about the various causes, symptoms and treatment of rectal bleeding, let us now take a look at rectal bleeding and hemorrhoids.
Rectal Bleeding and Hemorrhoids
Many people suffer from hemorrhoids as they are considered as common medical conditions. However, people find it embarrassing to tell it out to others about this condition as they occur in and around the anus and rectum area.
This condition is also known as piles and it is often accompanied by pain, itching and rectal bleeding. There are several medical conditions that cause this condition and they can range from straining bowel movement due to constipation to pregnancy to poor diet. Read on to know more about rectal bleeding.
Types of Hemorrhoids
- The condition of hemorrhoids is of two types and they are – external and internal hemorrhoids.
- Internal hemorrhoids may not cause discomfort and cannot be felt also.
- Presence of blood on the toilet or on the toilet paper is a clear indication of internal hemorrhoids.
- Rectal bleeding and hemorrhoids that are present internally are closely related as they generally occur due to the strain caused during bowel movement.
- Strain during bowel movement can result in tearing of the anal surface further resulting in bleeding and this can happen due to the rupture of veins present in that area.
- External hemorrhoids can be felt and can also be seen.
- A person can experience extreme pain when the blood pools in that particular area further forming clots.
Rectal bleeding and hemorrhoids can be caused due to five main causes and they are:
- Digestive issues are the main reasons for this condition.
- Diarrhea and constipation are two more reasons for causing bleeding hemorrhoids.
- Repeated elimination of the watery stools and straining of hard stools will result in exerting excess pressure on the veins present in and around rectum.
- Pregnancy is another major reason for causing this condition in women.
- Genetics also plays a major role in causing this condition.
- Standing or sitting for long periods of time can also result in adding more and more pressure on the area.
Prevention or Solution
- Rectal bleeding and hemorrhoids can be treated with the help of medications and proper care.
- People suffering from this condition can use certain creams or ointments that contain an anti-inflammatory agent known as hydrocortisone, and it can be available in any of the drug stores.
- In extreme cases, a surgery may be required if the clot appears on the external hemorrhoid.
- Injecting a chemical that helps in shrinking the hemorrhoid is one surgery and the other is to stop the blood flow to the hemorrhoidal area as it eventually falls off after a while.
- Infrared light is also used to stop the blood circulation to that area.
- A surgery known as hemorrhoidectomy may be required if none of the above mentioned treatments work.