Blood

Throwing Up Blood

Emesis

Is the medical term used for vomiting which is a process of forceful expulsion of stomach contents through mouth or sometimes nose.

Throwing up blood

can sometimes be a symptom of an underlying disease or illness. It is important to seek immediate medical attention if you are vomiting blood along with the contents of the stomach. This condition is medically termed as hematemesis and can be life threatening at times. You may have to visit a doctor immediately if you experience hematemesis after walking, standing or drinking. Read on to know the causes of this condition.

Causes of Hematemesis

Throwing up blood can be caused due to the following reasons.

  • Acute Liver Failure:

    This is one of the foremost causes of hematemesis which occurs due to the rapid deterioration of the liver. This can result in damaging the liver completely resulting in hematemesis. Acute liver failure is commonly seen in adults and children. This condition requires immediate medical attention.

  • Hepatic Fibrosis:

    This condition is also known as liver cirrhosis which occurs due to liver scarring. Hepatic fibrosis can occur due to a long term disease or due to an injury resulting in poor functioning of the liver. This condition may make the liver to unable assist the immune system, clean blood, store vitamins and make protein. A person suffering from this condition may experience hematemesis, enlargement of the veins in the liver and stomach, easy bruising and high blood pressure. Make sure that you seek medical attention immediately as there are chances for it to lead to liver cancer.

  • Duodentitis:

    This condition occurs when the small intestine gets inflamed which can be acute as well as chronic. Hematemesis, stomach pain, nausea, intestinal bleeding and loss of appetite are a few symptoms of this condition. Certain non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents and drugs like aspirin can also lead to this condition.

  • Gastritis:

    This condition can be caused by consumption of excess alcohol, intake of pain killers for a longer period of time, bacterial infection etc.
    Throwing up blood, nausea, abdomen swelling and loss of appetitie are a few symptoms of gastritis. The condition of chronic gastritis can lead to cancer or stomach ulcer.

  • Pancreatitis:

    This condition may also occur due to the inflammation of pancreas or pancreatic duct. Excessive iron, genetic disorders, malnutrition, injury and excess consumption of alcohol etc. may lead to this condition. Hematemesis, nausea, chest pain, fever, indigestion, heartburn and bloating are a few symptoms of this condition.

It is very important to consult a doctor, if you are throwing up blood in order to avoid further complications.

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