Blood Conditions

Blood conditions can affect any of the three major components of blood, i.e red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. Blood conditions can also affect plasma, which is the liquid blood part. They may be acute or chronic and many of them are inherited. Mentioned below are the various blood conditions.

 

  • Hemorrhage (bleeding): Hemorrhage is a condition in which we observe blood leaking out of blood vessels. Internal bleeding such as into the intestines, or after a car accident.
  • Leukemia: Leukemia is a form of blood cancer, in which white blood cells multiply abnormally and circulate through the blood. Due to the excessive deposition of white blood cells in the body leads to causing damage.
  • Lymphoma: It is a kind of blood cancer, in which white blood cells multiply abnormally inside lymph nodes and other tissues.
  • Anemia: It is a state where low number of red blood cells in the blood is observed. The common symptoms are fatigue and breathlessness.
  • Hemochromatosis: A disorder which causes excessive levels of iron in the blood. There is possibility of diabetes and liver problems due to iron deposits in the liver.
  • Thrombocytopenia: This condition is occurred due to low numbers of platelets in the blood. It may lead to bleeding.
  • Leukopenia: Low numbers of white blood cells in the blood causes leukopenia.
  • Myocardial infarction (MI): When a sudden blood clot develops in one of the coronary arteries, whose function is to supply blood to the heart, a myocardial infarction occurs that is a common type of heart attack.
  • Deep venous thrombosis (DVT): A blood clot in a deep vein, causes DVT. DVTs are dangerous because they may become dislodged and travel to the lungs, causing a pulmonary embolism (PE).
  • Malaria: Malaria causes episodic fevers and also leads to potentially organ damage. Malaria is an Infection of red blood cells by a parasite called plasmodium transmitted by mosquitos.
  • Hematoma: A collection of blood inside the body tissues. Internal bleeding often causes a hematoma.
  • Polycythemia: Abnormally high numbers of red blood cells in the blood. Polycythemia can result from low blood oxygen levels, or may occur as a cancer-like condition.
  • Hemophilia: An inherited (genetic) deficiency of certain blood clotting proteins. Frequent or uncontrolled bleeding can result from hemophilia.
  • Hypercoaguable state: Numerous conditions can result in the blood being prone to clotting. A heart attack, stroke, or blood clots in the legs or lungs can result.
  • Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC): DIC is mainly caused from severe infections or cancer. It is a condition where an uncontrolled process of simultaneous bleeding and clotting in very small blood vessels takes place.
  • Hemolytic anemia: This is a kind of anemia which is caused by rapid bursting of large numbers of red blood cells (hemolysis).